What are Places and Addresses?
According to GEDCOM, a
Place and Address Management
Creating or Editing a Place or Address
You can also view and edit existing entries via the Work with Data Dialog accessed via Tools > Work with Data > Places or Tools > Work with Data > Addresses.
Place Recordsƒh version 6 introduced Place records, which you can view via View > Record Lists > Places. These are created automatically when you create a new Place value; in addition to the place name , they can also hold a Standardized Place, geocoding information, notes and links to media.
In ƒh version 5, or if you wish to use separate Address and Place values in ƒh6 or later, a combination of Source and Repository records can be configured to achieve a similar result using the Map Life Facts plugin.
These recommendations apply to all approaches to working with
Think Carefully about your Approach
- Decide how you are going to handle
Places and Addressesbefore you enter a lot of data.
- If you decide to adopt a different approach from the one you adopted initially, it is not the end of the world. The Rearrange Address and Place Parts plugin can help you adopt a new approach), but as in many things it’s a lot less work to get it right from the start.
- Decide on a standard format for
Places and Addresses (for example: town, county, country; or house number/name, street, village/suburb) and stick to it.
- A Place structure should have at least three elements, including Country (to disambiguate places with the same name in different countries, such as Birmingham, Alabama ,USA and Birmingham, West Midlands, England.)
- An Address structure (if you’re using them) should always contain the house/building name/number and street.
- If any element doesn’t exist for the location you’re dealing with, leave an empty space between commas. This means that when you use Tools > Work With Data to manage your Places or Addresses (or View > Record Lists > Places in ƒh version 6 and later), you have columns dedicated to a particular element.
- Which elements you adopt will be heavily dependent on the countries your Ancestors lived in; different countries have different components for Places and Addresses, and you may want to accommodate multiple structures by extending the number of elements you support. However, you will need to be vigilant about what elements to include for each country; the more complicated your structure the harder it will make consistent data entry.
Three Main Approaches
Distinct Places and Addresses
This approach eliminates overlap between
|Address Structure||House or building name or number, Street, Village or Suburb|
|Place Structure||Town or City, County, Country|
- If you adopt this approach, within ƒh version 6 and later you will only be able to geocode to the
Place level (addresses will not be taken into account.) The Map Life Fact Plugins are small programs that allow new features to be added without upgrading Family Historian itself; some plugins are written by Calico Pie and others are written by users. supports Geocoding is the process of converting addresses/places (like a street address) into geographic coordinates (latitude and longitude), which you can use to place markers on a map. of address/place combinations but the maps are external to ƒh.
- Churches need special consideration in this scheme.It is quite common to only know the church name and its Place such as St.Mary’s, Newtown, Kent, UK. So in Tools > Work with Data > Addresses the church name St.Mary’s will only be listed once.What if you later discover the street address is say St.Mary’s, Church Road, Newtown, Kent, UK? It is not easy to globally edit just the Address fields for St.Mary’s associated with Newtown, Kent, UK and none of the others.The solution is to include some Place details with the Address to differentiate each church name. However, that could result in duplicated Place details appearing in Diagrams and Reports, unless you enclose those Place details in privacy [[ brackets ]] so they get hidden, e.g. St.Mary’s[[, Newtown, Kent, UK]].
Overlapping Places and Addresses
This approach adheres most closely to the GEDCOM, an acronym for GEnealogical Data COMmunication, is a specification for exchanging genealogical data between different genealogy software. It is a file format that most genealogical programs and online trees recognise. standard (including the overlapping information) so may migrate to other genealogy database with fewer problems. For example:
|Address Structure||House or building name or number, Street, Village or Suburb, Town or City, County, Country|
|Place Structure||Town or City, County, Country|
- If you adopt this solution, within ƒh version 6 and later you will only be able to geocode to the
Place level (addresses will not be taken into account.) The Map Life Facts plugin supports geocoding of address/place combinations including Address only) but the maps are external to ƒh.
- Churches are qualified by the full details of their address and place, so are much easier to distinguish.
- You will need to take care if reports and diagrams are not to display repeated information — include either the Address and not the Place (preferred) or the Place but not the Address.
This approach ignores
|Address Structure||Not used|
|Place Structure||House or building name or number, Street, Village or Suburb, Town or City, County, Country|
- If you adopt this solution, within ƒh version 6 and later you will be able to geocode to exact building level. In ƒh version 5, you can use the Map Life Facts plugin to achieve the same thing, but the maps are external to ƒh.
- Churches are qualified by the full details of their
address and place, so are much easier to distinguish.
- There will be no repeated information in reports and diagrams, but you will find that most Place Qualifiers are of little value. In addition, in Narrative reports, if you chose the option (Use Short Form for Repeated Place Names) to show only Part 1 of a Place after the first time the Place is mentioned, subsequent references just include e.g. the house number, which is of no use.
- In this solution, auto-completion for Places becomes less useful, because the first (address) part of the Place is less unique.
- In ƒh6 and later you will also be able to associate Notes and When you add a picture, video, sound recording, document file etc into a Family Historian project, a Media record is created to represent that media item within the project; the Media record includes a link to the actual Media file. with a building if you wish.
Historical Name or Current Name?
A recurring question from newcomers to genealogy is: Do I enter the
Genealogical best practice recommends that you document the name as it was recorded in the source that refers to it, i.e. an historical name. However, historical place and address data may not be familiar to people viewing your research, and it doesn’t geocode very well. You will want to record a more contemporary equivalent, either (versions 4 and 5) in a note associated with the relevant event or (version 6 and later) as a Standardized Place in the relevant place record perhaps with more detail in the Place Record Note.
|Short||Places are displayed in shortened format. Only text up to the first comma (if any) is displayed.|
|Medium||Places are displayed in a slightly shortened format. Text up to the second comma only (if there are two) is displayed.|
|Tidy||The full place details are displayed, but extra commas are removed.|
|Full||The full place details are displayed (this is the default).|
If you’re not using Addresses, you’ll find the Short and Medium qualifiers are of little value. However the TextPart function can help overcome this.